State of the Environment Report title
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2004 Report


Solid Waste

Indicator description

Results for this indicator are also available for  

What the results tell us for Tumbarumba

photo Metal set aside for recycling at Tumbarumba Tip

There was an overall decline in waste to landfill in Tumbarumba Shire during the reporting period. This is attributed to partial introduction of Council's Tumbarumba Shire—Waste Management Strategy 2002. Use of landfills by residents outside the shire was stopped and new cross-border arrangements were made for collection and disposal of waste from southern parts of the shire.

Council is now part of a regional waste strategy and as part of this proposes recycling in the shire. Good baseline data should be available for the next State of the Environment report once transfer station operations and recycling facilities commence.

The waste stream

The Tumbarumba Shire—Waste Management Strategy 2002, introduced during the reporting period, plus Council's membership in the South West Region Waste Management Group and the Riverina Eastern Regional Organisation of Councils (REROC) form the basis for waste management in Tumbarumba Shire. Participation in the REROC waste strategy and new collection arrangements as part of the 2002 Waste Management Strategy will allow Council to develop baseline figures for the next State of the Environment report.

With almost no recycling yet, waste transported to landfill represented most of the waste generated during the reporting period. At 2779 tonnes at 30 June 2004 (Table 1), total waste that needed to be addressed by Council represented approximately 767 kilograms for every person in the shire. It is expected that volumes to landfill will drop once recycling commences, but Council will still need to address and bear the cost of recycling facilities.

Waste to landfill

Solid waste transported to landfill during the reporting period decreased by one third (Table 1). As might be expected in a rural shire, most of the waste generated to landfill (75–85%) was household waste.

Approximately 30% of council's 2002 Waste Management Strategy was introduced. This included the introduction of mobile garbage bins (MGB's) and new household collection contracts in Khancoban and Jingellic. The village of Rosewood is now also included in the collection of waste for Tumbarumba township. Council expects the full introduction of the Waste Management Strategy, including a new transfer station in Tumbarumba, will have a profound impact on community attitudes towards waste generation and disposal. Landfill within the shire is anticipated to be reduced by about 80% once the new transfer station becomes operational (by October 2005).

Council commenced locking its landfills early in the reporting period to eliminate waste coming from outside the council area. As well, new waste collection contracts in the southern part of the shire are carried out by Towong Council in Victoria. Household waste from Khancoban and Jingellic collections is now also disposed of in Victoria at the Corryong Landfill. Council reports the community has generally been appreciative of the new collection systems to date.

Illegal dumping was not identified as a major problem in the shire. Approximately three incidents were identified during the reporting period, each involving less than 20 kilograms of household waste.

Table 1. Estimated waste to landfill in Tumbarumba Shire, July 2000 to June 2004
Type of wasteTonnes of wasteChange (%)
00–01 to 03–04
Total household*3494239920802270–35
Commercial and industrial525653540465– 11
Building and demolition97877044– 55
Total4116313926902779– 33

*Domestic collection plus private deliveries; Data source: Tumbarumba Shire Council

Recycling and other actions to reduce waste

Recycling facilities are part of the Tumbarumba Shire—Waste Management Strategy 2002, but were not yet implemented at the end of the reporting period. The only recorded recycling was in 2002–03, when 38 tonnes of metal waste were collected for recycling as part of a regional collection contract for REROC members.

Resource implications of waste

Council's investment in waste management during the reporting period is shown in Table 2. Its investement at 30 June 2004 represented a cost of around $34 for every person in the shire. Council's participation in the regional waste strategy should minimise the amount of land used for waste management, and infrastructure costs.

Table 2. Investment in waste management and resource recovery in Tumbarumba Shire, July 2000 to June 2004
Type of wasteValue of annual investment ($)
Landfill 53,11561,82250,15375,710
Collection expenses64,59677,07547,79151,909

Source: Tumbarumba Shire Council

At 30 June 2004, Council had an active tipping area of 1.5 hectares, with three hectares set aside for landfill in the shire.

About the data

Data provided from Tumbarumba Shire Council records. Council determines volumes of general waste to landfill by periodic surveys of type and approximate volumes.

Per person calculations are on the basis of estimated residential population as at 30 June 2004—3623 people.

Member councils of the South West Region Waste Management Group include Boorowa, Cootamundra, Gundagai, Harden, Tumbarumba, Tumut, Yass and Young. Other Riverina Eastern Regional Organisation of Councils (REROC) members from the Australian Capital Region are Cootamundra, Gundagai and Tumut. More details can be obtained from the REROC website

For additional information on domestic waste management and recycling services, the Department of Local Government Comparative Information publications report annually on four key performance indicators:

These indicators are seen to relate to the economic efficiency and environmental management performance of residential garbage collection services generally provided by councils in urban or town areas.


NSW Department of Local Government, Comparative Information (2005), viewed February 2005, for years 2000–01, 2001–02 and 2002–03