Issue: Climate and greenhouse
The 2002–03 drought was one of the worst on record, not only because it was dry but also because it was very hot. It also affected more of Australia than usual. As with much of the region's climate, it was driven partly by the combined effect of ocean surface temperatures and atmospheric pressures in the Pacific Ocean (see the box on drought).
Locally in Snowy River Shire this was demonstrated by the following:
- Rainfall in Adaminaby was lower in three of the four years of the reporting period. In 2002–03, rainfall was 36% below the long-term average.
- Temperatures in the region showed an overall increasing trend across the reporting period.
Greenhouse gas emissions
Greenhouse gases are those gases that regulate the amount of heat trapped by the earth's atmosphere. Enhanced greenhouse gas emissions resulting from human activities are now considered to be contributing significantly to global warming.
No information was available on the amount of greenhouse gas emissions produced by residents in Snowy River Shire. However, we know that residents there use energy in their homes, for travel, and in the workplace. While no data were available on the amount of energy shire residents consumed, a great deal of their electricity is bought from black coal-fired power stations. Although these stations are remote from the shire, residents never-the-less contribute to greenhouse gas emissions through them. Transport by residents and smoke from their wood fires in winter also cause greenhouse gas emissions.
What does this mean for the future?
It is predicted that climate change in south-eastern Australia is likely to include changes to the timing and amount of rain falling, and more extreme and more frequent fluctuations in rainfall, temperature and wind conditions (see Hennessy et al. 2004a,b). Drought in Snowy River Shire during the reporting period and the knowledge that in their daily activities shire residents are contributing to greenhouse gas emissions highlight the need for council and individuals to include these factors in their use and management of natural resources and planning for the future.
Hennessy, K, Page, C, McInnes, K, Jones, R, Bathols, J, Collins, D and Jones, D (2004a) Climate change in New South Wales. Part 1: Past climatic variability and projected changes in average climate. Climate Impact Group, CSIRO Atmospheric Research, available at www.cmar.csiro.au/e-print/open/hennessy_2004b.pdf.
Hennessy, K, McInnes, K, Abbs, D, Jones, R, Bathols, J, Suppiah, R, Ricketts, J, Rafter, T, Collins, D and Jones, D (2004b) Climate change in New South Wales. Part 2: Projected changes in atmospheric extremes. Climate Impact Group, CSIRO Atmospheric Research, available at www.cmar.csiro.au/e-print/open/hennessy_2004c.pdf.